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Understand the Process of Product Testing

Most products are made from the industries. These goods that we get from industries include drugs, foods, cosmetics, electrical appliances, hardware among others. The raw materials used to make these products are diverse. Having been manufactured from different sources, the effects of these products to the environment might be unknown. Testing of the in the industrial goods has thus been made compulsory by the government.

Product testing is also called comparative testing or consumer testing. Before products can make it to the market, the manufacturer is supposed to perform a series of tests. Product testing is however done on a representative sample and not on the entire stash of goods produced. Performance of the samples in the tests is taken as the overall results of the tests of the whole product batch. Products that make it to the market have already undergone a number of tests. Let us see some of the tests performed on consumer products before their release for use.

The first test is that done on foods, drugs and cosmetics. These products are first of all tested on animals before any trial on human subjects. The basic requirement for testing a product on an animal is that the animals being used for testing the product have to be protected. There then is made an assumption that the effects of the drug, food or cosmetic on the animal will be similar to those in human subjects and general consumers. An animal will then be given both oral and dermal tests of the product. For testing the effects of the products on humans or animals when ingested, the manufacturer administers oral tests. The other tests are dermal tests which are performed on animals to test the effect of the products on the skin of the users. Human subject testing is then done after the product has passed the tests on animals.

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For products that we do not consume, the tests are not done on animals. Examples of products in this category include vehicles mobile devices, televisions, utensils and many more. Based on the uses of these products, the tests done on them vary from item to item. The tests are conducted in simulated environments. The products are subjected to the stresses and other dynamics that face it when in use in real life. These stresses and dynamics for testing these products include light, wind, noises, vibrations and many others.

Finally, a product has to be subjected to environmental tests before its release. Tests to determine how harmful the products or its residues are to the environment are done in this phase of testing. These tests aim at establishing how quickly the product decomposes and if it releases any harmful gases to the atmosphere. A product cannot be released for use if it fails in this area.
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