Family growth is a process of change that occurs in the family system. These include; changing patterns of interaction and relationships among family members at all times. This change occurs through several stages or period of time. At each stage has a family growth task that must be met so that the stages can be passed successfully.
Stages and tasks of family growth are:
Beginner Pairs or Newly Married Couple
This stage begins when two adults mature the promise through marriage with the foundation of love and affection. The task at the stage of the growth of beginner families, among others
- Mutual satisfying between couples,
- Adapting to the extended family of each party,
- Plan carefully the number of children,
- Clarify each pair’s role.
Family Growth with “Child Bearing” (birth of the first child)
This stage begins during pregnancy until the birth of the first child. Continues until the first child is 30 months old. Family tasks at this stage include:
- Preparing labor costs,
- Prepare mentally prospective parents and,
- Preparing for the various needs of the child.
If the child has been born family duties include
- Provide breast milk as the main needs of infants (at least 6 months),
- Giving affection,
- Began to socialize with each family’s large family spouse,
- Couples re-adapt because of the presence of family members including the cycle of sex,
- Maintain relationship in order to satisfy the couple.
Families with Preschoolers
Starts when the first child is 2,5 years old and ends when the child is 5 years old. Family tasks with preschoolers include:
- Embedding the values and norms of life,
- Embedding religious beliefs,
- Introduce family culture,
- Meet the needs of children’s play,
- Helping children in socializing with the environment,
- Embedding responsibility in a small scope,
- Pay attention and provide stimulation for the growth of preschoolers.
Families with School Children
It starts when the first child is 6 years old and ends when the child is 12 years old. Family tasks with school-aged children include:
- Meet the needs of school children both school equipment and school fees,
- Familiarize regular learning,
- Paying attention to the child while completing his schoolwork,
- Providing understanding to children that education is very important for the future of children,
- Helping children to socialize more widely with the surrounding environment.
Family with Young Children
It starts when the first child is 13 years old and ends when the child is 19-20 years old. Families with teenagers are in a dilemmatic position. Given the child has begun to decline his attention to parents. At this stage, there are often differences of opinion between parents and adolescents. If this does not finish, it will have an impact on the next relationship. Family tasks at this stage include:
- Give more attention to teenagers,
- Together discussing school plans or activities outside of school,
- Giving freedom within the limits of responsibility,
- Maintains open two-way communication.
Releasing Children into Society
Adolescents who will grow up should be ready to leave both parents to start a new life, work, and family. So the family tasks in this stage include:
- Maintaining the intimacy of the couple,
- Helping children to be independent,
- Maintaining communication,
- Expanding family relationships between parents and daughter-in-law,
- Reorganize the role and function of the family after the abandonment of children.
Family with Stages Two Back
Family duties after leaving their children to start a new life include:
- Keeping the couple intimacy,
- Planning for upcoming events,
- Keeping in communication with children and grandchildren,
- Maintain the health of each partner.
Family with Old Age
The old age can experience feelings of loneliness and helplessness, so the family task at this stage is:
- Give each other pleasant attention between spouses,
- Paying attention to the health of each partner,
- Planning activities to fill the old time as with exercise, gardening, raising grandchildren.
In old age, couples remind each other of the existence of eternal life after this life.